BUILDING A TREE HOUSE

By building a tree house in the garden, you will simultaneously instill in your children a love of nature. Of course, the tree house should have a floor that serves as a support frame. The tree house has an open platform on which you can climb using a fixed ladder or a rope ladder.

Safety Precautions
Make sure your treehouse is securely built.
Take enough time to do this.
The exact method of construction depends on your garden setting, but you can use these step-by-step instructions as a guide.
You can choose from a variety of wood materials.

Materials needed
Boards, wooden beams, roof tiles or corrugated sheet

Choosing a tree


Choose a tree with the right structure and make sure that the tree you choose is healthy – this is extremely important because it will provide a strong and sturdy structure for your cabin. Suitable types of trees include beech, oak, maple or large spruces. A good base for your lodge will be a tree with a strong and sturdy trunk, heavy branches, and roots firmly buried in the ground. The tree should not show signs of disease or parasites that would weaken the tree house. If you are unsure if a tree is suitable for building a treehouse, it is recommended that you consult an expert. An expert knows all about tree preservation and how to treat disease and kill parasites, and can help you choose a good tree before you start building the cabin!

Check if you need permission

Before you start, check to see if you need a special permit to build a treehouse. If necessary, contact your city council and see if there are any local guidelines, laws, or other regulations that may affect building a treehouse (e.g., height restrictions). In some cases, you will need to apply for a permit before you can start building a treehouse. Also, there may be restrictions if you have legally protected trees in your garden.

It is also advisable to talk to your neighbors; this will help prevent them from complaining and maintain friendly relations. A tree house can worsen the view from the windows of their homes, or it can peek into their rooms and disrupt their privacy. You should also contact your insurance company to make sure the tree house is included in your property warranty. If it is not, then any type of loss or damage caused by the tree house will not be covered by your insurance.

Choosing the right location


After choosing the most suitable tree, you can decide what type of cabin you want to build. To build a standard cabin on a 3 x 3 meter tree, choose a trunk with a diameter of at least 30 cm. You can calculate the diameter by measuring the circumference of the trunk at the spot where you want to build the cabin with a tape measure. Then divide the result of the measurement by the number π (3.14) to get the diameter. It is also important to check beforehand how the base of the cabin will be positioned on the tree. Carefully mark the places where you will need to make notches in the trunk and branches. Leave a large enough free space around the trunk of the tree. The thickness of the support beams depends on the specific situation and the size of the platform.


Tree house supports


There are several ways in which you can secure a tree house to a tree with supports. Regardless of which method you choose, remember that the tree will sway from the wind. Therefore, make sure that the treehouse will not be damaged as a result of this movement.
You can choose different ways to attach the lodge:

1) Mounting with screws to the tree.
This means that the platform support beams are screwed in place directly to the tree trunk. This is the most common way to attach platform supports. But this method is most likely to damage the wood, although you can minimize this danger if you use the right materials.

2) “Floating” method.
In this option, the tree house is suspended from sturdy high branches using ropes, cables, or chains. However, this method is not suitable for all types of trees that you can choose to install a heavy lodge. For example, it is ideal only for attaching a platform but no heavy fencing.

3) Using support poles.
Support poles are dug into the ground next to the tree and are not directly attached to the tree itself. A large enough space must be left around the platform to allow the tree to swing freely in the wind. With this method, the likelihood of damage to the tree is minimal.
Access to the tree house
Before you start building the tree house, you need to decide how you will get into it. Above all, keep children’s safety in mind! The means of accessing the treehouse should be sturdy and safe.


There are several different designs:

1) Rope ladder.
You can make such a ladder from a rope and several short steps attached to the rope one under the other and going straight down to the ground. It takes some getting used to using a rope ladder, and you may feel unsteady and wobbly when climbing it.

2) Fixed Ladder.
This is a standard ladder that you can buy at various stores. It provides a quick and easy way to climb the tree house.

3) Fixed Ladder March.
A fixed ladder is the safest way to get to the treehouse. If you choose to use a fixed ladder, it is recommended that you add a railing or handrail to the side of the ladder for extra safety.


Obstacles


Should you build the lodge so that branches go through it, or is it better to cut them down? Obstacles can affect the design of your treehouse. It is often difficult to change the design when you consider the asymmetrical shape of the tree. But once completed, you will look at your structure with great satisfaction!

Safety first
Before you start building your treehouse, remember that the possibility of falling is the most serious danger. You can take the following steps to reduce this danger:

1) Don’t set the treehouse too high.
Setting the treehouse too high is dangerous for children who will be using it. Therefore, do not install the platform higher than 1.5 to 2.5 meters.

2) Install a safety fence or railing around the perimeter of the platform
A safety fence or railing around the perimeter of the platform will prevent children from falling. The safety fence or the railing of the perimeter platform must be 70 to 90 cm high, the distance between the vertical struts must be 10 to 15 cm.

3) Create a soft surface on the ground beneath the lodge
You can lay soft natural materials, such as shavings, on the ground surface under the lodge. This alone won’t prevent a fall, but it will provide a soft landing!
Attachment Points.
A tree with V-shaped branches gives extra sturdy support for the lodge, as it makes four attachment points instead of two. Drill holes in the four attachment points on opposite branches. Use a 10 mm drill bit and make sure that the holes are horizontal and at the same height (A). If the mounting holes are not aligned, the platform will not be level.
Support beams.
Measure the distance between the fixing holes on both sides of the tree branches and mark this distance (A) on the two support beams. Make sure this distance is the same on the left and right side of the support beams. Starting from this anchor point, draw a line 5 cm long on the left and right (total length 10 cm) and mark the ends of this line. Do the same on the other end of the beam. Drill two 12mm diameter holes on both sides of the marked ends of the marked line. Then saw a 12mm wide groove between the two drilled holes with the jigsaw.

This groove is necessary so that the tree can swing freely in the wind without splitting the tree trunk or damaging the platform.

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